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Things to do in Cusco

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Things to do in Cusco

In addition to the scenic beauty of the towns located in the Sacred Valley of the Incas, near the city of Cusco, other towns and places are located, which also due to the importance of their archaeological sites, the beauty of their fields and landscapes, are a excellent destination. We recommend visiting the places described below.

 

On the road that connects Cusco with the the Sacred Valley of the Incas, and accompanied by a beautiful view of the Urubamba mountain range, with beautiful snowfalls, and some lagoons, we can find:

 

Chinchero:

Located at the Northweast of the city of Cusco, 28 km (17.4 miles), called the "rainbow town", is located on a fertile valley, the town of Hispanic architecture is built on ancient Inca buildings. Its people are the most conservative of the Inca traditions and they preserve picturesque clothes. Every Sunday they hold the "catu", a fair for the exchange of agricultural products, in which the use of the currency is discarded and everything is bartered. Also noteworthy are the textile crafts. Archaeological sites, Inca palaces, terraces, and a large fortress in the place that attributed the appearance of the rainbow. In the town, it has beautiful colonial church, with famous paintings of the Cusquenian School. Beautiful Andean landscapes surround the town, and the beauty of the snow-capped Chicón and Verónica of the Urubamba mountain range makes you happy.

 

Moray

Archaeological zone located 53 km. northweast of Cusco, which highlights an admirable system of Inca terraces, formed by huge terraces superimposed in a concentric way like a large coliseum, achieving up to 150 meters in difference of height levels. This technology allowed the ancient Inca farmers to create diverse microclimates, experiment and obtain varieties of plants that would improve their crops. Each terrace has retaining walls and is connected by a complex system of artificial irrigation channels, which is a sample of the high hydraulic technology that the Incas also reached. Considered one of the first genetic laboratories of humanity. The surroundings of Moray are an excellent area for mountain biking and hiking. Its access is a detour from the road that connects Chinchero with Urubamba.


Maras

Located at 60 km (37 miles) and 7 km (4.3 miles) from Moray. In addition to the colonial town of Maras, the Salt mines of Maras stands out at a distance of 10 km from the town of Maras (30 minutes by car or 2 hours on foot).  They are salt mines whose exploitation is as old as the Tahuantinsuyo. The inhabitants channel the saline water that emanates from the ground - from an eye of water called "Qoripujio" - to pools where, due to the effects of the sun, it evaporates leaving salt on the surface, which is then treated for sale in the local market . The view of the set of approximately three thousand pools is spectacular. The villagers show visitors their ancestral techniques and allow them to intervene in the collection.

 

The pampa (plateau) of Maras and Moray are excellent places for hiking or mountain biking, the landscapes are beautiful, and you will be able to have the sensation of touching the sky or the snowy peaks.

 

Do you know about the "Manco Cápac" Route?

This is the name given to the route that connects the cities of Cusco with Puno on the shores of Lake Titicaca. This route reaches its highest point in La Raya (4,335 m.a.s.l) from where you descend to the Collao plateau. On this route also runs the train line Cusco - Puno, considered as the second most beautiful in the world for its landscape scenery of extraordinary natural beauty. If you have more time in Cusco, you can not miss this opportunity!!

 

San Sebastian:

Town located 5 km (3 miles) SouthEast of Cusco, in front of its Major Square stands a beautiful colonial church, with a carved stone facade and richly ornamented, baroque style, beautiful collection of paintings with the life of San Juan Bautista . Its two towers are identical, although they were built with a difference of 155 years. Very close to this church, the chapel of San Lazaro is located, in which numerous Spaniards are buried, who died in the War of The Salinas, in the battle between the Spanish conquistadors Hernando Pizarro and Diego de Almagro for dominance. of Cusco in 1,538

 

Tipón:

Inca archaeological zone, located 23 km (14 miles) South East of Cusco. The royal gardens of the Inca Viracocha, center of veneration of the water, agricultural zone, megalithic buildings and a citadel. A large set of remains, with large terraces that decrease in area as they ascend the mountain. A great wall crosses all the contours of this zone; to the center a set of buildings constructed with immense rocks, and remains of an old citadel. In this area there was a large Inca population.

 

Oropesa:

Town located 25 km from Cusco, one of the first colonial communities, whose 47 bakeries have provided and provide bread to Cusco for generations.

 

Lucre:

Small town located 35 km. (22 miles) to the South East of Cusco, beautiful Andean landscapes, and a beautiful lagoon, which families of Cusco go on Sunday walks, resort and recreational.Don't forget to taste its delicious and natural ice cream there are very delicious!


Piquillacta:

Wari pre-Inca archeological zone, located 38 km (23.6 miles) South East of Cusco, remains of a city that occupied an area of ​​50 hectares, large buildings, some of two floors, embankments, large walls that reach up to 7 m of height, aqueducts. Also noteworthy is the large number of colcas (grain deposits) and the style of their construction, with small stones, joined with mud. This site is a place where you can also magnify the reach achieved by the Waris in the architecture and urban organization. Historians attribute to this place a character of military defense and supply center, for the large deposits of agricultural products, tools, clothing and weapons of war that have been found.


Andahuaylillas:

Town located 45 km. South East of Cusco; It has a church of humble exterior appearance, which encloses one of the jewels of the most valuable colonial art of Peru, called the "Sistine Chapel of Peru". The interior of the Church of San Pedro of Andahuaylillas is an explosion of Baroque art with lots of reasons. It was built in 1631, and according to Spanish tradition, on an Inca temple, it has numerous and beautiful paintings of the Cusquenian School; its altars and marquetry are beautiful works of art made in gold leaf, its polychrome ceiling is a beauty.

 

Raqchi - Wiracocha Temple:

Located 117 kilometers (73 miles) from Cusco. Built in the fifteenth century. It is considered by historians as one of the most audacious constructions of the Incas. The remarkable temple of Wiracocha, is 100 meters (328 feet) long and 20 meters (66 feet) wide, is adobe walls built on foundations of volcanic stone, cylindrical columns. The complex also includes a residential area of ​​credits for the Inca nobility and dozens of circular deposits to store food. Very close to the archaeological site is the village of Raqchi, where its natives stand out for the conservation of their ancestral traditions, typical dresses and their craftsmanship.

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