Discover the Citadel of Machu Picchu (in Quechua voice: "old mountain") the maximum Inca work through our alternative 2 Day Machu Picchu Tour , appreciate the incredible intrepidity and intelligence of the incas, who built this wonder of the world in the greatest topographical difficulty, rustic and inaccessible zone. It is now universally known, both for its imposing and original ruins, as for its incomparable situation on the edge of an abyss, at the bottom of which run the stormy waters of the Urubamba River. Even today, it is a mystery how they managed to take huge blocks of stone to the top of the mountain and build such a spectacular example of their knowledge and culture. The Architectural Structure of Machu Picchu is mainly religious and military, the Citadel of Machu Picchu was surrounded by a great wall of 6 m high and 1.8 m wide. Now, according to the archaeologist Alfredo Valencia, Machu Picchu can be divided into two major parts: the urban sector and the agricultural sector. Each one has two sub-sectors( western and eastern ) that are defined according to their location in the topography. Due to the enormous cultural and natural attraction of the Inca citadel and its spectacular landscapes, Machu Picchu was declared a Natural Protected Area in 1981. In 1983, UNESCO declared it as a Sanctuary and a place of World Heritage. The citadel of Machu Picchu is located at the northwest of Cusco, approximately 112 kilometers by train, between an impressive geography of steep mountains separated by narrow valleys and deep ravines take importance, because in addition to its archaeological value, it has a great variety of ecosystems within its limits. Machu Picchu is surrounded by a mysterious nature and has kept many researchers confused for years.The Incas had a cosmological vision of their existence, they followed myths and legends and everything was sacred. Sacred was related to the word, "huaca" which had a variety of meanings, and could mean something sacred like a temple, a consecrated place.In addition, the Incas had an extra meaning for the word "Huaca" the word is Huauque and it means brother. For example, they saw the Urubamba Valley as a reflection of the Milky Way. The abundance of sacred elements found in Machu Picchu confirms the belief that the Incas built a sacred city as a place of pilgrimage or sanctuary. We can compare Machu Picchu with a jewel reclining in the center of the surrounding mountains and surrounded by the Vilcanota River. which twists around the city like a huge snake and under the rainforest.The mountain of Machu Picchu and the mountain Huayna Picchu constitute a belt around this magical place. The high mountains around represent a second belt. The Incas believed that this place had been chosen by the cosmos to build a sacred city. Don't miss the opportunity and enjoy our travel during this 2 Day Machu Picchu Tour.
Important Note: If you would like to return early, you can change your train return at 14:30 and you will be in Cusco at 18:30
Integrate with the energy and strength that contains the most important place of the Inca civilization. Machu Picchu, know the jewel in architecture, a citadel that went unnoticed for centuries, also contemplate the beauty of nature from this beautiful place, in half of the jungle and you will be able to appreciate the variety of flora and fauna of the area, where the town of Aguas Calientes is located, enjoy its wonderful thermo medicinal waters and let yourself be captivated by the warmth of its people.
Architectural Structure of Machu Picchu.
Machu Picchu have a religious and military origin, the Citadel of Machu Picchu was surrounded by a great wall of 6m. high and 1.8m. wide. Now, according to the archaeologist Alfredo Valencia, Machu Picchu can be divided into two major parts: the urban sector and the agricultural sector. Each one has two sub-sectors (western and eastern) that are defined according to their location in the topography.
The agricultural sector.
The agricultural sector is divided into high and low. The high sector has five precincts, the apacheta (stone that marks a sacred place), and more than forty platforms. The low sector, in turn, has seven enclosures and approximately 80 platforms. The numerous succession of successful agricultural terraces, connected some by stone stairs embedded in the same retaining walls of the terraces as steps, and others, by steps of multiple stone steps arranged as corridors. The design of the terraces or platforms is in perfect harmony with the mountains that surround the place, which gives it that impression already mentioned that the slopes had been sculpted to harmonize with nature.
The urban sector.
This sector, delimited from the previous one by a great perimeter wall, was accessed through an imposing portal, architectural detail typical of the Inca construction style; point where the Inca Trail ends that still communicates the city of Cusco with Machu Picchu. This sector is made up of 172 enclosures of different shapes and sizes, communicated by 109 staircases that allowed to pass through the unevenness of the mountain on which Machu Picchu stands.
The enclosures are organized in the form of "neighborhoods", each one with specific functions according to their formal characteristics and the cultural evidences found in the excavations.For example, one sector was destined for deposits of the corn or coca crops that were produced in the agricultural terraces. Another sector pay attention in the production of corn for chicha (corn beer), so used even today in the Andean world for religious festivities. A third sector is formed by the homes of the people who lived in the place with the purpose of carrying out specialized productive activities, or religious cults, or the administration of agricultural production.
The Square and the sacramental spaces
The venues are the framework of a large public square in the center of the urban sector, as well as two smaller squares. There are also buildings of evident ceremonial function, which complete the urban sector. Particularly noteworthy are the Temple of the Three Windows and the Intihuatana, stone specifically sculpted for astronomical observations. There is also a complex ritual system of baths and water sources. It is undeniable that the integral harmony of Machu Picchu, which contains a series of spaces and landscapes that had a sacred character, highlights the Inca beliefs.
A unique place
It is evident that Machu Picchu was a carefully planned construction, carefully designed to blend in with the natural environment. It is the result of a set of unique experiences, where the work of man is confused and successfully integrated with nature. The irregular topography was transformed into terraces for agricultural and urban purposes creating a mystical space with beautiful landscapes and history.
We will start the day transfering you to Ollantaytambo at 10:00 a.m, arriving in Ollantaytambo we will take the train to Aguas Calientes;during its train journey, visitors will be able to appreciate the beautiful landscapes of the Andean mountain range and the traditional villages that are at the foot of it with a great variety of plants and trees that accompany the Urubamba River or wilcamayu throughout the Sacred Valley of the Incas. We will be arriving at the town of Aguas Calientes at around 2:00 pm, here we will be waiting for the transfer to go to the hotel and then have free time to visit the town of Aguas Calientes and the thermal baths of the same name.This night before your break you will receive a brief information from our guide (briefing) about the tour in Machu Picchu that you will do the following day and prepare for the guided tour. After registering at your hotel in, you will have a nice dinner and then sleep early.
You will be awake before sunrise to take one of the first buses to Machu Picchu, avoiding the crowds and having the opportunity to see this World Heritage Site with the early morning light. You will have a guided tour of 2 hours from the site and you can climb the Huayna Picchu (optional) to take the famous photo of Machu Picchu. (You need to organize the permits at the time of booking). Enjoy your buffet lunch in the hostel of the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu before taking the bus back to Aguas Calientes and return to Cusco by train and bus. This tour is highly recommended for those who want to experience Machu Picchu at dawn and would like to spend more time on the site.
There are few places that offer magic and special connection with the environment. With the first step in Machu Picchu, you will know that it is a wonder of wonders. One more reason to realize how impressive the Incas were at the time of making their constructions. Nature and history together to dazzle us. Because of its location, it was a place that remained hidden from the view of the Spaniards, so it is an untouched wonder until Hiram Bingham decided to tell the world that here in Cusco, paradise was found. Are you going to miss this paradise?
During the tour we will enjoy the landscapes that the Sacred Valley of the Incas offers us. Sacred Valley, a territory that extends along the Vilcanota - Urubamba River, of extraordinary agricultural wealth and marked by a series of splendid Inca fortresses. The Vilcanota was a sacred river for the Incas, who saw in this course of water the terrestrial counterpart of the Milky Way. The river rises in the glaciers of the Vilcanota mountain range and changes its name to Urubamba in its descent into the dense jungles of the Amazon in the Andean region. On its way it joins two of the most sacred mountains for that pre-Columbian civilization: Ausangate and Salkantay peak. Its waters are nourished by the snow coming from the melting of the Veronica peak or Wacay Wilca, a female mountain considered "wife" of the Salkantay. Just at the end of a ridge that descends from Salkantay, on a promontory surrounded by the waters of the Urubamba River, the Incas built the extraordinary ceremonial citadel of Machu Picchu, royal residence of the first emperors and sacred center for the worship of the surrounding mountains .
These are some suggestions of what you can do in the second day at Machu Picchu.
The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is located in a humid subtropical zone where vegetation predominates and where there is rain most of the year.