In addition to being known as the capital of the marinera and land of the Peruvian Paso Horse, thanks to its spectacular climate, it is a beautiful city full of tourist places from unimaginable archaeological complexes to beautiful beaches, it was also the site of two important Mochica and Chimú cultures. And not to mention its tasty cuisine.
Its historic center, founded in 1534, houses a Baroque marble sculpture called La Libertad in its Plaza Mayor. On one side is the Trujillo Cathedral, built in 1666, which has works of art such as canvases from the Cusco school and a museum with objects linked to the liturgy. Following the route of the religious buildings, you cannot miss the Belén Church (1680 – 1708), made of adobe, brick and thatch; the El Carmen Monastery (1759), made up of a temple, a convent and an art gallery; as well as the San Francisco and La Merced churches, both of baroque style.
Among its mansions, the Casa Ganoza Chopitea stands out, considered the most representative of Trujillo due to its baroque façade of various colors; and the House of Emancipation, from where President Riva Agüero governed. You will find part of its history in Casa Calonge, where gold pieces from the Chimú culture are exhibited; and in the Museum of Archeology, Anthropology and History of the National University of Trujillo, which has innumerable remains of different pre-Hispanic cultures that developed in the region.
It is the epicenter of the historical and monumental center of the city founded in 1534 by the conqueror Diego de Almagro. In its perimeter are the Cathedral and the Municipal Palace of Trujillo. On December 29, 1820, it was the scene of the proclamation of independence by José Bernardo de Torre Tagle, following the disposition of the liberator José de San Martín.
On July 4, 1929, the Monument to Freedom was inaugurated in the central part of this square, a Baroque-style sculpture made of marble, the work of the German artist Edmund Müller.
On this occasion, the Plaza de Armas will be the scene of the Marian Encounter, where the 40 images venerated by the parishioners from the northern regions of the country will be present.
Huacas of the Sun and the Moon
They constitute an archaeological complex of adobe located five kilometers south of Trujillo, in the Moche district, and physically represented the capital of the Mochica culture from the 1st century BC. until the 9th century AD.
The Huaca del Sol is a stepped pyramid-shaped building about 43 meters high. It has 5 large terraces, the largest of which is 80 meters long, with a base of 228 long by 136 wide and 18 meters high. It is crowned by a 23-meter-high pyramid that has a quadrangular base of 103 meters on each side. This building was the administrative political center of this culture and housing for the high Moche society.
Half a kilometer from the Huaca del Sol is the Huaca de la Luna, a construction that stands out for having temples that were superimposed and built in different periods. It has a square base of 87 meters on each side and a height of 21 meters. On its upper platform stood a series of rooms decorated with human figures.
It is the most important spa in the city of Trujillo and the scene of the massive mass that Pope Francis will officiate. On the beach you can see the caballitos de totora, ancient boats from the Mochica and Chimú cultures that are used to this day for fishing and that owe their name to their original design and the vegetable fiber with which they are made. Thanks to its great waves, Huanchaco is one of the favorite beaches for surfboard lovers.
In this property, located in the jirón Francisco Pizarro 610, José Bernardo de Torre Tagle prepared the declaration of the independence of Trujillo. It was also the seat of the First Constituent Congress and later the government house of President José de la Riva Agüero.
It is also known as the Civic Sanctuary of Trujillo and exhibitions are held there. In the interior rooms, the original of the Royal Certificate is currently exhibited, signed in Valladolid by the Spanish emperor Carlos V, on December 7, 1537, which grants the coat of arms to the city of Trujillo.
Located about 5 kilometers northwest of the city of Trujillo, in the Moche Valley, this urban capital center of the Chimú kingdom is the largest mud city in pre-Hispanic America. In 1986, Chan Chan was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
With an original area of more than 20 square kilometers, from the vicinity of the port of Huanchaco to Cerro Campana, archaeologists estimate that it housed more than 100,000 people. In its structure there are squares, houses, warehouses, workshops, streets, walls and pyramidal temples. Its huge walls are profusely decorated with reliefs of geometric figures, zoomorphic stylizations and mythological beings. The tour of the archaeological site is complemented by a visit to the Site Museum.
Built in 1759, it is one of the best architectural ensembles in the city. It is made up of a temple and a convent with two cloisters. The art gallery houses an important collection of approximately 150 canvases, mostly from the 17th and 18th centuries.
Particularly noteworthy are canvases from the Quito and Flemish schools. It is located at the intersection of Colón and Bolívar streets.
This mansion preserves the traditional colonial character, marked by cobbled floors, doors with carved images and rooms arranged on a high embankment.
In its rooms important collections of furniture, silverware, canvases and mirrors are exhibited. Temporary exhibitions are also presented. It is located at jirón Orbegoso 553.
Many are the routes that take you to Machu Picchu, but none is like the Inca Trail Tours, the most famous pedestrian path in the Americas. After flying from the capital of Perú, Lima, you will arrive in Cusco to walk for four days along a path through forests and dense fog, millenary stone steps and discovering the ruins of ancient fortifications and Inca cities, and all the time enjoying majestic views.