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Manu tours Peru

Manu tours Peru

The National Park of Manu is located in the provinces of Paucartambo in Cusco and Manu in Madre de Dios. Its extension is 1716295.22 hectares.Its establishment seeks to protect a representative sample of the biological diversity, as well as the landscapes of the low jungle, the jungle edge and the Andes of the Peruvian south-east. Likewise, it aims to promote tourism based on ecological and culturally compatible criteria. On the other hand, the National Park of Manu also seeks to promote and facilitate research, education and recreation, as well as contribute to the preservation of archaeological heritage. Their presence contributes to the recognition and protection of cultural diversity, as well as to the self-determination of the indigenous traditional people of the area. Manu protects one of the most important areas of the planet in terms of the mega diversity of biological species. Its great extension crosses frigid punas that surpass the 4,000 m.a.s.l ; wild forested mountains that give rise to a multitude of small gorges and valleys; cloud forests of high forest and finally the Amazon plain. This magnificent and unique scenario includes a wide and complex hydrographic system and guarantees the presence of a diversity of ecosystems little intervention by man. In these circumstances, the biological diversity that houses is manifested in its full potential in a unique landscape on the planet. The tropical forests of the Manu have allowed ecological and evolutionary processes to be carried out almost without the presence of man, however, in the area there is also an enormous cultural wealth, represented by the current indigenous populations at different levels of contact with the outside, and an archaeological heritage not yet revealed in all its magnitude. Since 1977, Manu has the status of a Biosphere Reserve, which was granted by UNESCO. On its borders is the Territorial Reserve of the Kugapakori and Nahua ethnic groups, the Megantoni National Sanctuary and the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve. At the same time, in 1987 it was declared a Natural Heritage of Humanity. The communities of the Yora, Mashko-Piro, Matsiguenka, Harakmbut, Wachipaeri and Yine inhabit ancestrally between the forests and rivers of these jungles. The native communities of Tayakome and Yomibato are recognized within the area. Both are located in the upper area of ​​the Manu River. In the southwest sector there is an association of farmers known as Callanga. In addition, in the northwest sector adjacent to the National Park of Manu (and in the interior) there is an undetermined number of indigenous populations in voluntary isolation. The Manu National Park is the home of 10,000 plant species, 250 varieties of trees on one hectare, 221 species of mammals, 1200 species of butterflies, more than 300 species of ants, 210 species of fish, 155 species of amphibians, 132 species of reptiles and 1025 species of birds (10% of the world population) ). The Manu National Park, is considered as one of the few pristine forests on the planet, is a paradise in natural evolution.

Quick Itinerary:

Day 01: Cusco to Boca Manu 

Day 02: Otorongo - Salvador - Otorongo 

Day 03: Otorongo - Boca Manu

 

Where is manu national park located?

The Manu National Park is a protected natural area located in southeastern Peru, located partially in the departments of Madre de Dios and Cusco, in the provinces of Manu and Paucartambo. With an area of 1 909 800 hectares or square hectometres, it is divided into three large areas: the National Park, with 1 532 806 ha, the Reserved Zone, with 257 000 ha and the Transition or Cultural Zone, with 120 000 ha. It extends from 300 meters above sea level, at the confluence of the Manu River with the Madre de Dios River, up to 3800 meters above sea level on the summit of the Apu Kañajhuay Mountain. Some researchers believe that in the virgin areas of this reserve is the Paititi or lost city of the Incas. The national park was created on May 29, 1973. In 1977, UNESCO recognized the Park as a Biosphere Reserve and declared it a Natural World Heritage Site in 1987.

 

Why is manu national park important?   

The Manu National Park, a protected natural area managed by the National Service of Natural Protected Areas by the State-SERNANP, celebrated the  40 years by protecting one of the richest and most diverse ecosystems on the planet; more than 5,000 species of plants, equivalent to 1/6 of all the flora in the world, 1,025 species of birds, and more than 50 of globally threatened animals are evidence of this. The protected natural area is home to different ancestral cultures, which shows that its enormous importance for the whole world lies not only in the protection of its majestic biodiversity but also in the protection of the cultural diversity of Peru and Latin America. Manu is the third largest protected natural area of our country located between the departments of Cusco and Madre de Dios, has received numerous awards not only nationally but also internationally.

 

When to visit manu ? 

Please take note:

  • From May to October it is very hot, with cool nights and frequent rains. 
  • The rainy season goes from January to March, but there may be unexpected rains throughout the year, so travelers should bring their poncho independently .Tours may not be available during the rainy season,for your security it dependis on water levels. 
  • Prepare for the heat (daily averages of temperature 35ºC during the day and 25ºC during the night), please cover your extremities, search long sleeves in light fabrics as protection against insect.

Creation:

The National Park of Manu was established on May 29, 1973, through Supreme Decree 0644-73-AG, with the purpose of preserving its natural and cultural heritage for the benefit of present and future generations; that same purpose determined for the recognition by UNESCO of the Manu Biosphere Reserve.

 

Geographic characteristics: 

  • Relief : Formed by mountains, hills, alluvial plains, ranging from 150 meters to 4,200 meters of altitude. Diversity of ecosystems and plant and animal species, unparalleled in the entire American continent and probably throughout the world. It has practically all the ecological formations of eastern Peru and is one of the most representative areas of the Amazon basin. For some botanists, Manu has more plant species than any other protected region in the world. The more than 850 registered species, represent 15% of the world avifauna. Invertebrates are counted in tens of thousands and it is estimated that there are more than half a million species of arthropods in the protected area. On its surface, 14 different types of forests have been identified, making it an obligatory point of reference for the study of tropical forest ecosystems.
  • The puna: In the place called Akanako, better known as "Tres Cruces", there is a viewpoint located in the middle of the puna, at 4,000 m above sea level, in the southern sector of the park. The mountainous landscape is formed by the foothills of the eastern chain of the Andes, which serves as a divide to the basins of the Urubamba River and the Madre de Dios River. This Andean puna is formed by evergreen grasslands dominated by the grasses Festuca and Calamagrotis.
  • High Jungle: Eyebrow It is commonly known as Selva Alta or Ceja de Selva, the set of different plant formations that are crossed during the trip from Tres Cruces to the right bank of the high Madre de Dios River, outside the limits of the protected area.
  • Low Jungle or Humid Tropical Forest of the Plain: The Lower Jungle occupies the largest area of the national park. In it the temperature is fairly constant throughout the year, with an annual average of 24.

Flora: 

With a park of the size of Manu, with a considerable altitude, the vegetation is very variable, however the types of vegetation is more widespread in the lowland rainforest, tropical mountain forest and the vegetation of the Puna. Lowland forests occur in alluvial plains and interfluvial hills. Those forests in the hills can experience the seasonal water supply, taking into account the monthly variation of rainfall, while the forests in the alluvial plains are prone to be seasonally flooded. Montane forests experience less variation in water supply and are exposed to lower temperatures. The management plan maps 14 forest types using the Holdridge system, although, given the lack of precipitation data, this is to some extent speculative. Despite the high diversity of plant species in this region, Manu's flora is still little known and floristic inventories should be considered preliminary. The few collections of plants are those of Foster and Gentry made in the alluvial plains, near the Biological Station, and in the Tres Cruces region of the highlands. Other collections have been made by Terborgh (1985) and Janson (1985) in trees where birds and primates obtain food. Despite this, in the last ten years, 1147 species of plants have been identified in the park within a fairly small area (500 ha), and it is likely that the number of species found within the park is well above of this figure. The most recent data indicate 1,200 vascular species from the lowlands and a single hectare from a plot near the Cocha Cashu research station supported to more than 200 species of trees. On one hectare of plot in the alluvial plains, 17 trees with a diameter of more than 70 cm were found. The largest tree was a Ceiba pentandra (120 cm), while others included the local level Poulsenia armata rare (110 cm) and Calycophyllum sp. (117 cm), and locally endangered Swietenia macrophylla (105 cm) and Dipteryx odorata (100 cm). The most common tree of the plot was Otoba parviflora, and other very abundant species including the palms of the genera Astrocaryum, Iriartea and Scheelea, two species of Quararibea. Another notable feature of these forests is the great abundance of Ficus. Of which there are at least 18 species only 15 species of Ficus are mentioned in the Flora of Peru.


Fauna:

A total of more than 800 species of birds and 200 species of mammals have been identified, 500 birds only around the lowland forests at the Cocha Cashu Biological Station, and the checklists of Terborgh, Janson and Brecht  gives the habitats, the feeding position, activity (sociability) and the abundance of all birds and mammals found until 1982. The species of birds found in the Manu represent 25% of all known birds in South America and 10% of all species in the world and it is thought that it can more than 1,000 species of birds in total. According to Renton, six species of macaws born in lowland forests, Ara ararauna, A. chloroptera, A. macao, A. severe and A. manilata. Three Areas of Endemic Birds are represented in the park, the lowlands of southeastern Peru, the home of 15 species of restricted range, the Eastern Andes of Peru , with 11 species of restricted range, and the Western Andes of Peru  with 30 species of restricted distribution. There are 13 species of monkeys, and it is estimated that there are more than 100 species of bats. There are also 12 species of reptiles within 7 families, and 77 species of amphibians from fire families are known from the Cocha Cashu area. There are no checklists for invertebrates, although it has been estimated that the park contains some 500,000 species of arthropods. Again, most of the information has been collected in the lowlands, and little detailed information is available on mountain wildlife. Species known as globally threatened that occur in the park include the woolly monkey, lagothrix lagotricha, the emperor Tamarin Saguinus imperator, giant otter, giant anteater, Myrmecophaga tridactyla, giant armadillo for its name in spanish, Priodontes maximus, the ocelot, oreailurus jacobita cat andean, the jaguar, small fox of ears Atelocynus microtis, Speothos venaticus dog bush, northern Andes Huemul Hippocamelus antisensis, spectacled bear Tremarctos ornatus, crocodile, and black caiman. The species of fish identified by Groenendijk and Hajek that are consumed by the local inhabitants include Macroponum Colossoma gamitana, Paco Piaratus brachypomus, Red-tailed shad Bryith erythropterum, Prochilodus nigricans, Boquichico, Lisa and Trifasciatus Leporinus fasciatus Schizodon lisa.


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Day 1: Cusco to Boca Manu

This first day, we will leave Cusco and flight to Boca Manu the connecting point between the rivers High Madre de Dios, Manu and Madre de Dios. It has a few houses, an airstrip and some food supplies. It is also the entrance to the Manu Reserve and to go further you must be part of an organized group. The park ranger station is located in Limonal , 20 minutes by boat from Boca Manu. This day you can appreciate some group of turtles and more species of the long list of wildlife.In the afternoon we arrived at our camp located in Cocha Otorongo, shortly after we organized a walk to visit the lake and the observation tower from where we have the opportunity to observe the wolves of the river.To end our first day, at night, we will return to our camp on platforms with roof , showers and toilets available.

Day 2: Otorongo - Salvador - Otorongo

This second day, we will wake up very early to visit the famous "Cocha Salvador" (30 minutes away from Cocha Otorongo). Then, we will visit the lake to that gives us the chance to observe the river wolves and a variety of strange and colorful birds such as the sultana or the agami. Later we will walk on the main trails with our guide to appreciate the tropical forest.Finally in the afternoon we will return to our camp in Cocha Otorongo.

Day 3: Otorongo - Boca Manu

To end our tour, we will wake up early and we will have the opportunity to see some monkeys. After we will get back to Boca Manu to finally fly back to Cusco.Hoping it was a wonderful trip, we will transfer you to your hotel at Cusco, and this being the end of our adventure.

THIS TOUR INCLUDES:

  • Briefing one day before your tour.
  • Land transfers by private bus and also river transfers 
  • 1 night accommodation at the Hostel 
  • 1 night accommodation at the Lodge 
  • Complete feeding (Optional: Vegetarian) 
  • Complete equipment for boating 
  • First aid kit 
  • Proffesional Bilingual Tour Guide

NOT INCLUDED:

  • International and domestic Flights 
  • Airport taxes 
  • Tips 
  • Services not mentioned in the program

 

PLEASE BRING WITH YOU:

  • Passport / ID 
  • Visa: Only if necessary and can not be obtained at destination 
  • Certificate of vaccination: Only in the case of countries that require yellow fever 
  • Travel insurance (you can also see our travel insurance)
  • Student Card (ISIC) 
  • Cash in soles
  • Camera
  • Universal adapter for enchules 
  • Storage memories
  • Binoculars: For observation of nature 
  • Mobile phone.
  • Small backpack: To take with us the things of value and frequent use  
  • Large backpack: For the rest of the things 
  • Protector for the backpack: To avoid getting soaked in case of rain 
  • Frontal light (it is more useful than a light, because it leaves your hands free to do what you need) 
  • Lighter
  • Personal hygiene 
  • Bath gel 
  • Shampoo 
  • Deodorant 
  • Toothpaste and Toothbrush 
  • Toilet paper (a roll for places where there is none) 
  • Disinfectant hand gel and Soap 
  • Mountain boots 
  • sneakers o Footwea
  • Flip flops (useful for showers or baths of dubious neatness) 
  • Socks  
  • Pants / Skirts / Bermuda o T-shirts and shirts (short and / or long sleeves) 
  •  Clothing coat 
  • Waterproof rain 
  • Bathroom clothes 
  • Cap 
  • Bath towel 
  • Plastic bags (Useful for separating clean and dirty clothes) 
  • Snaks:cookies and / or energy bars 

 

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